URBAN POLICY & PLANNING

416
Willoughby Zimunya

Course description

ASSIGNMENTS

Assignment1

Harare City Council resolves to draft a policy to deal with local economic development issues in the city. Suggest actors who should be consulted in the process of making this policy and evaluate the contribution of these actors in this policy making process.

Due Date: 17 March 2017

Assignment 2

A Special Interest Group approaches you as a Consultant for assistance in crafting a paper expressing its displeasure with a City Council policy proposal concerning an issue affecting them in the city. With reference to the policy proposal on the issue write an evidenced based paper , more of a petition on behalf of the Group addressed to the City Council. The paper must be so structured that it has the following subheadings:

  • Title
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Background and Context of the Issue
  • Research Methods and Design
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Policy Options and Recommendations
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Annexes

Due Date: 12 April 2017

INSTRUCTIONS FOR WRITING ASSIGNMENTS:

a) Font type Times New Roman

b) Line spacing 1.5

c) Font size 12 points

All assignments to be typed and submitted as printed copies on or before the due date. Students will be penalised for late submission of work.

Description

PURPOSE OF THE COURSE

This Course explores the policy making process from the perspective of urban planning field at various levels with focus on practical and conceptual issues. The students will understand the context and basis for policy making in urban planning, appreciate the policy development and review process. This will be achieved by looking at a multiplicity of issues, debates and problems that are dominant in urban areas. The course is intended to develop innovative and analytical thinking at policy level that will contribute to dealing with challenges of urbanization. The students will apply knowledge and skills gained from their courses.

STRUCTURES OF THE COURSE

The course consists of lectures, debates and essay assignments, all offered in one semester. Two essay assignments will be given and assessed, contributing towards a coursework mark. At the end of the semester, candidates sit for an examination. The following topics are critical for course coverage and assessment:

Qualifications and Goals

COURSE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this course the student must be able to:

a) Define and justify the need for urban policies in development;

b) Explain the policy development process;

c) Critically analyze past and current urban policies and ascertain their impact as well as challenges faced in their execution;

d) Demonstrate that s/he is able to use research to craft appropriate and evidence based policies;

e) Relate policy matters at the urban scale to different policy environments defined by local and global phenomena and processes.

Course content

COURSE OUTLINE

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION
  • Definition of terms- policy, urban planning
  • Policy as Science versus Policy as Art
  • Policy with reference to International, National and Sub-National Affairs
  • Policy and Urban Systems and Actors
  • Policy Analysis
    • Policy and the Law
    • Policy and Research
    • Policy and Ideology

  1. 2. THE POLICY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS (CYCLE)
  • Definition of terms-Policy process, policy development process
  • Problem identification, structuring and definition;
  • Policy formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation;
  • Citizen participation in policy development, implementation, evaluation and review.

  1. 3. THE LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR URBAN POLICIES
  • Legal framework for policy development, implementation and review
  • The institutional framework for policy development, implementation and review
  • Urban policy development in Zimbabwe, national and sub-national levels.

  1. 4. URBAN POLICY AND PLANNING ISSUES
  • Traditional and current approaches to urban planning and relevance to urban policy
  • Analysis of various urban policies

Review of the public transport policy,

Review of the housing policy

Review of investment and employment policies

Review of peri-urban development and urban farming policies

Review of the gender policy; gender mainstreaming, children and youth

Review of environmental policy: climate change, urban health

4. GLOBAL AND REGIONAL POLICIES AND THEIR DOMESTICATION

  • The role of international agencies in urban policy agendas and policy making
  • Review of global compacts such as the Sustainable/Millennium Development Goals
  • Review of regional compacts such as the SADC Water policies
  • Review of national policies and how they inform sub-national urban policy development, implementation and review.

5. LAND VALUES AND URBAN POLICY

  • Urban land use planning policies
  • Urban Accessibility and Why Land Increases in Value
  • Traditional Land Use and Legislation Master Plans, Local Plans and Subject Plans
  • Strategic Planning and Policies for sustainable urban planning

6. RESEARCH AND POLICY BRIEFING FOR URBAN ISSUES

  • Evidence-based policies
  • Role and lace of academic research
  • Policy briefs: writing and presentation
  • Turning research reports into policy brief: towards advocacy & activism

INDICATIVE READINGS

Antrop Marc (2004) Landscape change and the urbanisation process in Europe. Landscape and Urban Planning 67: 926

Batty Michael and Stephen Marshall (2009) Centenary paper: The evolution of cities: Geddes, Abercrombie and the new physicalism. Town Planning Review, 80 (6): 551-574.

Bengston David N, Jennifer O. Fletcher and Kristen C. Nelson (2004) Public policies for managing urban growth and protecting open space: policy instruments and lessons learned in the United States. Landscape and Urban Planning 69: 271286.

Bradford, Neil (2005) Place-based Public Policy: Towards a New Urban and Community Agenda for Canada, Canadian Policy Research Networks Inc., Ottawa, Ontario.

Campbell, John L (2002) Ideas, politics, and public policy. Annual Review of Sociology 28:21-38.

Chirisa Innocent and Elmond Bandauko (2014) Debating the Inconsistencies between Constitutional Provisions on Decentralisation and Citizen Participation Realities in Zimbabwe. Journal of Governance and Development 10(2): 1-18

City of Cape Town (2013), Urban Design Policy. URL: https://www.capetown.gov.za/en/Planningportal/Documents/Urban%20Design%20Policy.pdf

Cochran Clarke E., Lawrence C. Mayer, T.R. Carr and N. Joseph Cayer (2009) American Public Policy: An Introduction, Ninth Edition, Wadsworth Cengage Learning: Boston.

Davidoff Paul (1965) Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning, Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31(4): 331-338.

Handy Susan L, Marlon G. Boarnet, Reid Ewing and Richard E. Killingsworth, (2002) How the Built Environment Affects Physical Activity: Views from Urban Planning. Am J Prev Med 23(2S):6473.

Mackay Melissa and Louise Shaxton (2008). Understanding and Applying Basic Public Policy Concepts.

Myers Dowell (1988) Building Knowledge about Quality of Life for Urban Planning, Journal of the American Planning Association 54(3): 347-358.

Niemela, Jari (1999) Ecology and urban planning. Biodiversity and Conservation 8: 119-131

Public Health Advisory Committee (2008) Review on Healthy Urban Planning. URL: http://nhc.health.govt.nz/system/files/documents/publications/review-urban-planning08.pdf

Rakodi, Carole (1991) Cities and people: towards a gender-aware urban planning process? Public Administration and Development 11: 541-559.

Shiode Narushige (2000) Urban Planning, Information Technology, and Cyberspace. Journal of Urban Technology 7(2): 105-126.

Thomas Huw (1999) Social town planning and the planning profession. Chapter 2 in Greed Clara H (ed) Social Town Planning, Routledge: London.

Tim Marshall (2000) Urban Planning and Governance: Is there a Barcelona Model? International Planning Studies 5(3): 299-319.

UN-HABITAT (2014) A new strategy of sustainable neighbourhood planning: Five Principles. URL: http://unhabitat.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/5-Principles_web.pdf

Vedung, E., 1998. Policy instruments: typologies and theories. In: Bemelmans-Videc, M., Rist, R.C., Vedung, E. (Eds.), Carrots, Sticks & Sermons: Policy Instruments & Their Evaluation. Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, NJ, pp. 2158.

World Bank (2010) Land Use and Physical Planning. Chapter from "Safer Homes, Stronger Communities: A Handbook for Reconstructing after Natural Disasters" URL: http://www.gfdrr.org/sites/gfdrr.org/files/Chapter_7_Land_Use_and_Physical_Planning.pdf

Online Journals and Books:

The UZ website has a vast pool of texts and references online. Please make use of these important resources

Teaching-training activities

COURSE DELIVERY

a) Lectures

b) Students will also be organized in groups then present seminars (topics to be advised) on various elements covered in the course. After the class presentations students are expected to hand in a write up of their work.

Support

PROJECTOR

Human and Physical Resources

LECTURER

PROJECTOR

Methods of evaluation

COURSE ASSESMENT

Coursework: students will submit two assignments, which contribute towards their coursework mark. Students are advised to acquaint themselves with the university regulations regarding plagiarism and are strongly advised not to engage in the act in whatsoever manner when preparing their essay assignments.

v This will constitute 33% of final mark

Examination: this will take the form of a two-hour paper in which qualifying candidates are required to write 3 out of 5 questions. There will be one compulsory question and candidates can choose any other two questions from the remaining four questions.

v End of Term Examination(Will constitute 67% of final mark)




Manager(s) for 416 : Willoughby Zimunya
Administrator for TSIME Online : Administrator
Phone : 18008
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