Course description

Description

. FUNDAMENTALS OF DEMOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES (DEM 103)

           

Contact hours per semester: 60 hours.

Time allocated: 4 hours per week.

Name of Lecturer: Dr S. Moyo

Cell: 0773 806 131

Email: stanzia1moyo@yahoo.com

 

 

ii.         PURPOSE OF THE COURSE

           

The course entitled, Fundamentals of Demographic Techniques introduces students to technical demographic estimation of the basic demographic indicators using the direct methods.  The course endeavors to equip students with an in-depth knowledge, computational skills and analysis of fundamental demographic measures.

 

 

  1. iii.      AIM:

 

The course aims at imparting knowledge, computational and analytical skills of demographic measures to students. The course will cover the following: basic demographic measures; population age structures; and, mortality concepts. This is done using computer applications.

 

 

  1. iv.   OBJECTIVES (Intended Learning Outcomes)

 

By the end of the course, students should be able to:

  • Explain the basic concepts of demographic fundamentals and measures;
  • Use the Excel sheet to compute basic demographic measures; population age structures; and, mortality measures.
  • Interpret and analyse the computed basic demographic and mortality measures.

 

  1. v.                  TEACHING METHODS

This course will be delivered in the form of lectures and practical computer applications. The course will include three hours of lectures and a one hour tutorial per week over a fifteen week semester.  All lectures are compulsory.  If a student fails; s/he will take the course when it is next offered.

 

 

  1. vi.                STUDENT ASSESSMENT

 

a. Exercises and Assignments

At least three individual assignments (both in-class and out-of-class) will be written during the semester. Average marks for the assignments will constitute 25% of the final mark at the end of the semester. It is mandatory to submit every assignment within the stipulated timeframe.

 

b. Examination

Students will write a 3-hour computer based examination at the end of the semester. The examination will constitute 75% of the final mark.

 

 

 

  1. vii.              PRE-REQUISITE

 

If a student fails this course, he/she will cover it when next offered. The course is also a pre-requisite to DEMOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES (DEM 106), a second semester course.

 

  1. viii.            COURSE CONTENT

 

  1. a.      Introduction to Excel.

 

 

  1. b.      Basic Demographic Measures
  • Rates

Crude birth rate

General fertility rate

Crude death rate

Crude rate of natural increase

Crude rate of in-migration

Crude rate of out migration

Crude rate of net migration

Crude Growth rate

  • Ratios
  • Probabilities
  • Percentages
  • Concept of Population Change

1)      The basic Demographic Equation

  •  Concept of Population Growth

2)      Arithmetic Growth

3)      Exponential Growth

4)      Geometric Growth

  • Doubling Time
  1. c.       Population Structure
  • Population Pyramids
  • Proportionate age distributions

Proportion of the adolescent, youth, under 5 children and women in the reproductive age group to the entire population.

  • Sex Ratio
  • Demographic Pressure

 

 

  1. d.      Mortality
  • Introduction
  • Period and Cohort mortality data
  • Basic Mortality Concepts and Measures
  • Longevity and Life Expectancy
  • Crude Death Rate (CDR)
  • Age-standardised Crude Death Rate
  • Age and Cause Specific Death Rates
  •  Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
  •  Child Mortality Rate (CMR)
  •  Under-Five Mortality (U-5M)
  •  Maternal Mortality Rate
  •  Maternal Mortality Ratio.
  • Sex Ratio of age specific mortality rates

 

  1. e.       Life Tables
  • Abridged and complete life table.
  • Uses of Life Tables
  • Life table processes: Single; Multiple and Associated Decrements.

 

 

 

SELECTED References

Barclay, G. (1958). Techniques of Population Analysis. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Benjamin, B. and Overton, E. (1981). Prospects for mortality decline in England and Wales. Population Trends, 23, pp2-28.

 

Benjamin, B. and Pollard, J.H. (1993). The Analysis of Mortality and other Actuarial Statistics. London: Institute of Actuaries and Faculty of Actuaries in Scotland.

 

Britton, M. (1989).  Mortality and Geography. Population Trends, 1989, 56, p16-23.

 

Casely, D.J. and Lury, D.A. (1981). Data Collection in Developing Countries. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

 

Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International Inc. Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 1984. Calverton, Maryland: Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International; 1985.

 

Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International Inc. Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 1988. Calverton, Maryland: Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International; 1989.

 

 Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International Inc. Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 1994. Calverton, Maryland: Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International; 1995.

 

Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International Inc. Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 1999. Calverton, Maryland: Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International; 2000.

 

Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International Inc. Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 2005–06. Calverton, Maryland: Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro Interna­tional; 2006.

 

Coale, A.J. (1972). The Growth and Structure of Human Population: A Mathematical Investigation.Princeton:Princeton University Press.

 

Cox, P.R. (1976). Demography (5th Edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Cox, P.R. (1975). Life Tables: The Measure of Mortality. Population Trends, 1975, 1, p13-15.

 

Cox, P.R.  (1975). Life Tables (2): Wider Applications. Population Trends, 1975, 2, 19-21.

 

Fox, J. et al.  (1985). Socio-demographic differentials in Mortality. Population Trends, 1985, 40, p10-16.

 

Hinde, A. (1998). Demographic Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Kpedekpo, G.N. (1982). Essentials of Demographic Analysis for Africa. Ibadan: Heinemann Education Books.

 

Lucas, D. and Meyer, P. (1994). Beginning Population Studies (2nd edition). Canberra: Australian National University.

 

Newell, C. (1990). Methods and Models in Demography. London: Guildford Press.

 

Pollard, A.H. et al, (1974). Demographic Techniques.  Sydney: Pergamum Press.

 

Pressat, R. (1972). Demographic Analysis. New York: Aldine.

 

Preston H.P., Patrick H. and Guillot M. (2002). Demography: Measuring and Modeling Population Processes. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Limited.

 

Rowland, D. T. (2003). Demographic Methods and Concepts. Oxford: University Press, Oxford.

 

Shyrock, H.S. and Siegel, J.S. (1976). Methods and Materials of Demography. Orlando: Academic Press.

 

Spiegelman, R. (1968). An Introduction to Demography. London: Harvard University Press.

 

United Nations (1983) Manual X: Indirect Techniques for Demographic Estimation. New York: Department of International Economic and Social Affairs.

 

UNFPA, (2013). Tools for Demographic Estimation. New York: UNFPA. Available on Google Scholar.

 

Zimbabwe Statistical Agency [ZIMSTATS] and Macro International Inc. Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Calverton, Maryland: Central Statistics Office [Zimbabwe] and Macro International; 2012.

 

Zimbabwe Statistical Agency [ZIMSTATS] and Macro International Inc. Census 2012 Report Calverton, Maryland: ZIMSTATS and Macro International


Manager(s) for DEM103 : stanzia moyo
Administrator for TSIME Online : Administrator
Phone : 18008
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