Basin Analysis and Hydrocarbon Geology

HGL409
Shephard Mabhanga

Course description

Description

University of Zimbabwe

Faculty of Science

Department of Geology

HGL 409 Basin Analysis and Hydrocarbon Geology  

Semester 2, 2019-2020

Contact hours: 36 x 1 hr lectures, 3 x 2hr Seminars, 2 x 2 hrs practical, 2 x 1 hr test Total hours: 60hrs

Lecturer: Mr S Mabhanga

Overall goal

Basin analysis is the integrated study of sedimentary basins as geodynamic entities. This course introduces the processes of mantle, lithosphere, oceans, atmosphere, and land surface that coupled together to shape the basin geometry and its infilled stratigraphy. The application of basin analysis to petroleum exploration will be introduced. The aim of this course is to introduce basin analysis and the techniques used to reconstruct depositional, post-depositional, and burial history. The lecture programme will include: basin formation and tectonic setting, subsidence mechanisms, sedimentary responses to tectonic activity, and modern examples of basin types drawn from across the world. An introduction to various techniques used in basin analysis will include provenance analysis and seismic reflection and sequence stratigraphy.

Learning Outcomes

The course will focus on large-scale basin analysis of both ancient and modern basins. Students successfully completing this course will:  Gain an understanding of tectonic settings and subsidence mechanisms for sedimentary basins. Learn the basic principles of seismic studies, as well as an introduction to seismic stratigraphic interpretation and sequence stratigraphy  Learn about the controls on and evidence of petroleum maturation  Become familiar with a number of case studies in basin analysis drawn from Zimbabwe and the rest of the world. 

LECTURES 

SECTION 1 THE FOUNDATIONS OF SEDIMENTARY BASINS  

Lecture 1-2: Basins in their plate tectonic environment  

SECTION 2 THE MECHANICS OF SEDIMENTARY BASIN FORMATION  

Lecture 3-4: Basins due to lithospheric stretching  

Lecture 5-6: Basins due to flexure  

Lecture 7-8: Basins in subduction zones  

Lecture 9-10: Basins associated with strike-slip deformation and inversion tectonics 

Seminar presentations on topics related to Sections 1 & 2 

 

SECTION 3 DEPOSITIONAL SYSTEMS AND SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY  

Lecture 11: Basin stratigraphy, Subsidence and thermal history  

Lecture 12: Stratigraphic architecture 

Lecture 13: Non-marine depositional systems 

Lecture 14: Coastal depositional systems 

Lecture 15: Clastic shelves and associated depositional systems 

Lecture 16: Carbonate and evaporite depositional systems 

Lecture 17-18: Seismic and sequence stratigraphy in Basin Analysis Seminar presentations on topics related to Sections 2 & 3 

Test 1 

 

SECTION 4 APPLICATION TO HYDROCARBONS ASSESSMENT  

Lecture 19-20: Petroleum generation and associated structures 

Lecture 21: Geophysics in Basin Analysis and interpretation 

Lecture 22:  Applications of Basin Analysis to Hydrocarbon studies. 

Seminar presentations on topics related to Sections 3 & 4 

Test 2 

PRACTICAL 

Practical 1: The mechanics of sedimentary basin formation and depositional systems 

Practical 2: Correlation, seismic data acquisition and interpretation, applications in hydrocarbon interpretation. 

 

REFERENCES

 

Allen, P. A. & Allen, J. R. 2005. Basin Analysis: Principles & Applications: Blackwell Science., Oxford, UK, 549 pp.

Miall, A.D., Principles of Sedimentary Basin Analysis, Springer Verlag, 1999.

Busby, C. J. & R. V. Ingersoll, 1995, Tectonics of sedimentary basins: Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, 579 pp. 

Watts, A. B., 2001, Isostasy and flexure of the lithosphere: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 458 pp. Required Text:

 

Other Useful Texts: Turcotte,  D.L. & Schubert G., Geodynamics, Wiley & Sons, 2002 (1982).

Watts, A.B., Isostasy and Flexure of the Lithosphere, Cambridge, 2001.

Angevine C.L. et al., Quantitative Sedimentary Basin Modeling, AAPG Short Course Notes 32, 1990.

Leeder, M.R., Sedimentology and Sedimentary Basins: From Turbulence to Tectonics, Blackwell, 1999.

Einsele, G., Sedimentary Basins, Springer Verlag, 2000. Allen J.R.L., Principles of Physical Sedimentology, Chapman and Hall, 1992.

Yergin, D.H. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power, Simon & Schuster, 1992


Manager(s) for HGL409 : Shephard Mabhanga
Administrator for TSIME Online : Administrator
Phone : 18008
Powered by Claroline © 2001 - 2013