University of Zimbabwe
Faculty of Science
Department of Geology
HGL 409 Basin Analysis and Hydrocarbon Geology
Semester 2, 2019-2020
Contact hours: 36 x 1 hr lectures, 3 x 2hr Seminars, 2 x 2 hrs practical, 2 x 1 hr test Total hours: 60hrs
Lecturer: Mr S Mabhanga
Basin analysis is the integrated study of sedimentary basins as geodynamic entities. This course introduces the processes of mantle, lithosphere, oceans, atmosphere, and land surface that coupled together to shape the basin geometry and its infilled stratigraphy. The application of basin analysis to petroleum exploration will be introduced. The aim of this course is to introduce basin analysis and the techniques used to reconstruct depositional, post-depositional, and burial history. The lecture programme will include: basin formation and tectonic setting, subsidence mechanisms, sedimentary responses to tectonic activity, and modern examples of basin types drawn from across the world. An introduction to various techniques used in basin analysis will include provenance analysis and seismic reflection and sequence stratigraphy.
The course will focus on large-scale basin analysis of both ancient and modern basins. Students successfully completing this course will: Gain an understanding of tectonic settings and subsidence mechanisms for sedimentary basins. Learn the basic principles of seismic studies, as well as an introduction to seismic stratigraphic interpretation and sequence stratigraphy Learn about the controls on and evidence of petroleum maturation Become familiar with a number of case studies in basin analysis drawn from Zimbabwe and the rest of the world.
SECTION 1 THE FOUNDATIONS OF SEDIMENTARY BASINS
Lecture 1-2: Basins in their plate tectonic environment
SECTION 2 THE MECHANICS OF SEDIMENTARY BASIN FORMATION
Lecture 3-4: Basins due to lithospheric stretching
Lecture 5-6: Basins due to flexure
Lecture 7-8: Basins in subduction zones
Lecture 9-10: Basins associated with strike-slip deformation and inversion tectonics
Seminar presentations on topics related to Sections 1 & 2
SECTION 3 DEPOSITIONAL SYSTEMS AND SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY
Lecture 11: Basin stratigraphy, Subsidence and thermal history
Lecture 12: Stratigraphic architecture
Lecture 13: Non-marine depositional systems
Lecture 14: Coastal depositional systems
Lecture 15: Clastic shelves and associated depositional systems
Lecture 16: Carbonate and evaporite depositional systems
Lecture 17-18: Seismic and sequence stratigraphy in Basin Analysis Seminar presentations on topics related to Sections 2 & 3
SECTION 4 APPLICATION TO HYDROCARBONS ASSESSMENT
Lecture 19-20: Petroleum generation and associated structures
Lecture 21: Geophysics in Basin Analysis and interpretation
Lecture 22: Applications of Basin Analysis to Hydrocarbon studies.
Seminar presentations on topics related to Sections 3 & 4
Practical 1: The mechanics of sedimentary basin formation and depositional systems
Practical 2: Correlation, seismic data acquisition and interpretation, applications in hydrocarbon interpretation.
Allen, P. A. & Allen, J. R. 2005. Basin Analysis: Principles & Applications: Blackwell Science., Oxford, UK, 549 pp.
Miall, A.D., Principles of Sedimentary Basin Analysis, Springer Verlag, 1999.
Busby, C. J. & R. V. Ingersoll, 1995, Tectonics of sedimentary basins: Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, 579 pp.
Watts, A. B., 2001, Isostasy and flexure of the lithosphere: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 458 pp. Required Text:
Other Useful Texts: Turcotte, D.L. & Schubert G., Geodynamics, Wiley & Sons, 2002 (1982).
Watts, A.B., Isostasy and Flexure of the Lithosphere, Cambridge, 2001.
Angevine C.L. et al., Quantitative Sedimentary Basin Modeling, AAPG Short Course Notes 32, 1990.
Leeder, M.R., Sedimentology and Sedimentary Basins: From Turbulence to Tectonics, Blackwell, 1999.
Einsele, G., Sedimentary Basins, Springer Verlag, 2000. Allen J.R.L., Principles of Physical Sedimentology, Chapman and Hall, 1992.
Yergin, D.H. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power, Simon & Schuster, 1992