3. Course Content
i). Community Social Work and Neighbourhood Work
This section introduces community work concepts, theories, principles and the strategies relevant to community social work practice. The different settings of community work practice are explained in an effort to help students understand this method of social work.
a) The concepts of community worker and community developer.
b) Principles relevant to community social work.
c) Theory in community work: Ecological perspectives of community social work in:
- Micro level practice – focuses on personal interaction with a client or consumer on an individual level or with a couple or family. It involves community case management with individuals, families, informal caring networks.
- Mezzo level intervention- entails bringing people together who are not as intimate as a couple or family members, but might mutually build and benefit from this social or resource network. It might directly change the system that is affecting a client, such as a classroom or neighbourhood group, e.g. group therapy counselling, self-help groups or neighbourhood community associations
- Macro level practice – focuses on systemic issues. It might include creating and maintaining a network of service providers in order to establish a continuum of care .It involves coordinating multiple services and policy work which offers an opportunity to address several intersecting social problems
ii) Conscientisation – Paulo Freire
The strategy of conscientisation is explained so as to help students understand some of the techniques applicable to community social work. The merits and the demerits of the approach are explained.
a) Brief background to history of conscientisation.
b) Principles and philosophical concepts.
c) Application of the conscientisation approach to community work.
d) Critic of the conscientisation approach to community work.
iii) Community Social Work in Zimbabwe
The characteristics of community social work in Zimbabwe are explained with special reference to tradition, gender and development implications and the roles of a community social worker in both the urban and rural settings.
a) Gender mainstreaming in community work.
b) The Roles of a community social worker.
iv) Selected Community Development Projects
a) Selected case studies
c) Case studies
d) Self-directed study
Students will be required to write TWO essays during the course of the semester, one of which will be under examination conditions. These essays will constitute 25% of the final course assessment. Assignments should be between 1000 and 1200 words in length otherwise the student will be penalised. Assignments should be submitted on or before the due date, otherwise they will not be marked.
Due date: 01/04/16
Topic: Discuss the contention that network analysis and its associated ideas about social networks do not provide a panacea to understanding the complexity of a term like community.
To be written under examination conditions
Due date: 28/04/16
Area: Section (ii) Conscientisation.
Essential Reading List
- Bishop, A. (2002). Becoming an ally: Breaking the cycle of oppression in people (2nd ed.). Halifax, NS: Fernwood Publishing.
- Block, P. (2009). Community: The structure of belonging. San Francisco, CA: BerrettKoehler Publishers, Inc.
- Homan, S. M. (2010). Promoting community change: Making it happen in the real world. (5th ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company. Lee, B. (2011). Pragmatics of community organization. (4th ed.). Toronto, ON: CommonAct Press. Clark, A. (2007) Understanding Community: A Review of networks, ties and contacts, ESRC National Centre for Research Methods, University of Leeds, NCRM Working Paper Series 9/07.
- Pyles, L. (2013) Progressive Community Organising 2nd edition
- McDonald, A., (2006) Understanding Community Care: A Guide for Social Workers. 2nd Edition Palgrave Macmillan, London, UK
- Teater, B., (2010) An Introduction to Applying Social Work Theories and Methods. 1st Edition Open University press.
E- References List
Baldock, P. (1974) Community Work and Social Work. London and Boston: Routeledge & Kegan Paul.
Butcher, H. (2009) Conceptualising Community Social Work – A response to Ahan York. British Journal of Social Work, No. 14, pp 625 – 633.
Cormack, I. (1983) Towards Self Reliance – Urban Social Development in Zimbabwe, Gweru, Mambo Press.
Gumbo, P.(1997)Manual on Project Planning and Management for fieldworkers. School of social Work, Harare
Hardley, R.(1987) A Community Social Worker’s Handbook. London and New York: Tavistock Publications.
Hall, N.(1997) “Building the Capacity of Social Workers’ Association in Africa: the Case of Zimbabwe,” in Journal of Social Development in Africa, Volume 12, No. 2.
Higgins, K. M and Mazula, A. (1993) “Community Development: a National Strategy in Zimbabwe,” in Community Development Journal, Volume 28, No. 1.
Jones, J, F.(1998)“From Globe to Village: Understanding Local Social Development,” in Social Development Issues, Vol. 20 No. 1.
Kam, P-K. (1996) “Empowering elderly People: A Community Work Approach,” in Community Development Journal,Vol. 31, No 3, July.
Overseas Development Administration (2010) A Guide to social Analysis for Projects in Developing Countries. ODA .London.
Passmore, G. (1972) The National Policy of Community Development in Rhodesia, Harare; University of Rhodesia Press.
Reeler, A. P. (1998) “Epidemic Violence and the Community: A Zimbabwean Case Study,” in Journal of Social Development in Africa. Volume 13, No 1.
Schenck, C. J. & Louw, H. (1995) “A People centred Perspective in People Centred Development,” in Journal of Social Development in Africa, Volume 10, No 2.
Zimbabwe Government (2005) National Development Plan.
N.B. Students should make use of the Journals section in the library for more current references and
be familiar with any dissertations in the area of community work Field placement reports in
- Giving practical examples from Zimbabwe, discuss the conceptualisation of community work.
- Outline and discuss any FOUR principles relevant to community social work.
- Elaborate on the view that the ecological approach to community work helps communities to address their developmental problems.
- Examine the view that micro level practice in community social work requires both coordination and service specialisation.
- Consider the utility of case management as an intervention strategy in solving community problems.
- Discuss Paulo Freire`s contribution towards community development.
- Discuss the factors influencing the choice of roles of the community social worker.
- Comment on how urban poverty can be addressed through community social work intervention.