Project Planning and Design

Buhle Dube

Course description


The course explores and analyses the theoretical and conceptual issues in project planning. It is intended to give students an overview of the project environment and basic tools and techniques such as Cost Utility techniques and general project appraisal approaches. Students are expected to master the theoretical and practical processes of carrying out financial, economic and social project appraisal. Practical exercises on project appraisal, using selected case studies will be undertaken as an integral part of the course.

Qualifications and Goals

The course aims at giving you an introduction to the principles of project planning as conceptual tools that have been developed to assist in the design of projects that would qualify for implementation and funding.


Course objectives

At the end of the course you are expected to be able to:

  1. Define critical concepts concerned with the management of projects
  2. Link the theoretical framework and conceptual issues with practice by being able to design implementable projects that would qualify for funding.
  3. Identify the problems of project design associated with financial, economic, technical, institutional, environmental and social appraisal methods.
  4. Critically analyse the technical criteria and rational techniques for project design.
  5. Identify the specific stages in project planning and management


Course content

  1. Project appraisal-
  • The concept of project Appraisal
  • The need for project appraisal
  • Definition of project appraisal terms


  1. Types of project appraisal

a.      Technical

b.      Institutional

c.       Financial

d.      Economic

e.       Social

  • Project impact assessment[ impact indicators]
  • Environmental Impact Assessment


  1. Financial Project Appraisal or Analysis
  • Financial statements and financial analysis (income statement, cash flow statement and balance sheet)
  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • Time value of money
  • Rationale behind the concept of time value of money
  • Discounting and compounding
  • Discounted cash flows
  • Depreciate types and methods
  • Undiscounted measures
  • Net profit
  • Break-even-point
  • Payback period
  • Earnings per labour hour
  • Discounted measures
  • Benefit cost ratio(BCR)
  • Net present value(NPV)
  • Internal rate of return(IRR)
  • Mutually exclusive projects (MEP)- choosing among MEP
  • Project sensitivity analysis
  • Risk and uncertainty
  1. Measures of project worth


  1. Economic analysis and project appraisal

-          Scope of economic analysis

-          The project framework

-          Macroeconomic and sectoral context - The need to accommodate multiple national objectives


Teaching-training activities


A combination of teaching strategies will be employed which include

  • Power point presentations
  • Group discussions and presentations
  • Active participation by students




12 hours will be reserved for tutorials. Students must attend all tutorials.



Human and Physical Resources

projector; guest presenters

Methods of evaluation


The students shall submit two assignments which contribute to 33% of their final assessment. A three-hour examination will be given at end of the semester and will contribute 67% of the final assessment.


Assignment 1

Use a practical example to demonstrate the importance of depreciation showing its different types and methods.


[All assignments to be typed and printed using Times New Roman. Assignment length: Not more than 3 pages. Spacing: 1.15]

Due Date- 10 March 2017


Assignment 2

In-class Mathematics test on a date to be advised


Manager(s) for RUP332 : Buhle Dube
Administrator for TSIME Online : Administrator
Phone : 18008
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